Communication ethics across cultural differences. Лекция 1

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Communication ethics across cultural differences. Лекция 1

1: COMMUNICATION ETHICS ACROSS CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

2: The national communication association Credo for Ethical Communication

3: - strive to understand and respect other communicators before evaluating and responding to their messages; - strive to understand and respect other communicators before evaluating and responding to their messages; - access to communication resources and opportunities are necessary to fulfill human potential and contribute to the well being of families, communities, and society;

4: - promote communication climates of caring and mutual understanding that respect the unique needs and characteristics of individual communicators; - promote communication climates of caring and mutual understanding that respect the unique needs and characteristics of individual communicators; - condemn communication that degrades individuals and humanity through distortion, intolerance, intimidation, coercion, hatred, and violence;

5: - commit to the courageous expression of personal convictions in pursuit of fairness and justice; - commit to the courageous expression of personal convictions in pursuit of fairness and justice; - advocate sharing information, opinions, and feelings when facing significant choices while also respecting privacy and confidentiality;

6: - unethical communication threatens the quality of all communication and consequently the well being of individuals and the society in which we live; - unethical communication threatens the quality of all communication and consequently the well being of individuals and the society in which we live; - accept responsibility for the short- and long-term consequences for our own communication and expect the same of others.

7: Shuters types of ethics: Shuters types of ethics: Communicator ethics. Message ethics. Receiver/audience ethics.

8: Five Golden approaches to ehtics The golden purse (ethical egoism): this approach is based on what works best for me or my group (organization, country).

9: The golden consequence (utilitarianism): if something has utility that means it is useful or pragmatic. The difference between this and egoism is that this approach is focused on what works for the most people involved. That is, it seeks the greatest good for the greatest number of people. The golden consequence (utilitarianism): if something has utility that means it is useful or pragmatic. The difference between this and egoism is that this approach is focused on what works for the most people involved. That is, it seeks the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

10: The golden rule. It states: do unto others as you would have them do unto you. The golden rule. It states: do unto others as you would have them do unto you. The platinum rule Rather than treating others as you want to be treated, treat them as you think they would want to be treated.

11: David Kales principles of ethics Principle 1. Ethical communicators address people of other cultures with the same respect that they would like to receive themselves.

12: Principle 3. Ethical communicators encourage people of other cultures to express themselves in their uniqueness. Principle 3. Ethical communicators encourage people of other cultures to express themselves in their uniqueness.

13: Judith N. Martin principles for ethical communication The Humanness Principle. It means – Treat others as humans – that is, respect as persons.

14: The Dialogic principle. The point here is to understand other persons perspective from their point of view, from their power position, and from their contextual perspective. This can only happen through dialogue with them. The Dialogic principle. The point here is to understand other persons perspective from their point of view, from their power position, and from their contextual perspective. This can only happen through dialogue with them.

15: The principle of speaking with and to. The main point here is for scholars who write about other cultures. Scholars must not simply represent others, but speak with them, to be critical about what they write, realizing their role in their writing. This principle deals with self-reflexivity, listening, and dialogue. The principle of speaking with and to. The main point here is for scholars who write about other cultures. Scholars must not simply represent others, but speak with them, to be critical about what they write, realizing their role in their writing. This principle deals with self-reflexivity, listening, and dialogue.

16: Conclusion Carl Wellman: An ethical system does not solve all ones practical problems, but one cannot choose and act rationally without some explicit or implicit ethical system. An ethical theory doesnt tell a person what to do in any given situation, but neither is it completely silent; it tells one what to consider in making up ones mind what to do. The practical function of an ethical system is primarily to direct our attention to the relevant considerations, the reasons that determines the rightness or wrongness of any act.

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