1: Инновационный Евразийский Университет Кафедра «Английская филология и перевод» Слайд-лекция по дисциплине «История языка» на тему: Periodisation of English Language History Для студентов специальностей 050207 «Переводческое дело» 050205 «Филология: иностранная филология» Разработал: ст. преп. Фанакова Л. В.
2: ПЛАН ЛЕКЦИИ Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History. Professor Rastorguyevas Periodisation. Old English. Middle English: 4. 1 Early Middle English 4. 2 Classical Middle English. New English: 5. 1 Early New English 5. 2 the age of Normalization and Correctness 5. 3 Modern English.
3: Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History The commonly accepted, traditional periodisation divides English language history into three periods: Old English (OE); Middle English (ME); New or Modern English (NE, Mod E).
4: Professor Rastorguyevas Periodisation This periodisation of English language history is partly based on the conventional three periods. It subdivides the history of the English language into seven periods.
5: Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History
7: Old English At the begging it was the stage of tribal dialects of the WG invaders, which were gradually losing contacts with the related continental languages. The tribal dialects were only used for oral communication. The 7th century is the beginning of writing, the tribal dialects gradually changed into local or regional dialects.
8: Old English OE was a typical OG language, with a purely Germanic vocabulary, and few foreign borrowings. As far as grammar is concerned, OE was an inflected or synthetic language with a well-developed system of morphological categories.
10: Early Middle English
11: Classical Middle English The time of the restoration of English to the position of the state and literary language and the time of literary flourishing. The main dialect used in writing and literature was the mixed dialect of London, which arose in the 14th c.
13: Early New English A time of progress in culture, education and literature. The formation of the national English language. A time of sweeping changes at all levels. The period of variety and free choice in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.
14: The Age of Normalisation and Correctness Establishment of norms, which were fixed as rules in the numerous dictionaries and grammar-books published at the time. The 18th c. literary English differentiated into distinct styles. Fixing the pronunciation, and normalisation and restriction of word usage and grammatical construction.
15: Modern English By the 19th c. English had achieved the relative stability and had acquired all the properties of a national language, with its recognised standards. The expansion of English overseas proceeded together with the growth of the British Empire in the 19th c.
16: Modern English The 20th c. witnessed considerable intermixture of dialects. The local dialects are being displaced by Standard English. The best form of English, the Received Standard, is being spread through new channels: the press, radio, cinema and television.
18: Контрольные вопросы How many periods is the history of English traditionally divided into? What are they? What are their boundaries? How many periods does Pr. Rastorguyeva subdivide the history of English language into? What do the following dates stand for: the 7th c. ; 1475; the 5th c. ; 1066; the 11th c. – the 15th c. ; the 5th c. – the 11th c. Characterise the main periods in the history of English.
19: Литература: Основная учебная литература: Расторгуева Т. А. История английского языка: Учебник для вузовМ. : Астрель, 2003 (чз-5, аб-15). Иванова И. , Чахоян Л. , Беляева Т. История английского языка: Учебник. Хрестоматия. Словарь/ И. Иванова, Л. Чахоян,Т. Беляева СПб. : Лань, 2006 (чз-5, аб-17). Дополнительная учебная литература: Ярцева В. Н. Языкознание: Большой энциклопедический словарь / Под ред. В. Н. ЯрцевойМ. : Большая Российская энциклопедия, 2000 (чз-3). «Сrosscultural Aspects of The English Language History (Historical, social and cultural backgrounds of the English language history)»: учебное пособие по курсу истории английского языка/ Сост. : Р. Ж. Саурбаев, C. Г. Кулагина; Сургут. гос ун-т. – Сургут: Изд-во СурГУ, 2003 (медиатека ИнЕУ).