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Michigan Oil Basin

1: Michigan Oil Basin BY Igor Matishinets

2: Location and history The Michigan Basin is a geologic basin centered on the Lower Peninsula of the US state of Michigan The first well was drilled in Michigan sometime around 1870 near Port Huron (if you are unfamiliar with Michigan geography it is about 60 miles north of Detroit) and it and a few others produced small amounts of oil. Michigans oil and gas industry began in 1925 when oil in commercial quantities was drilled near Saginaw. Since then, more than a billion barrels of oil and 3 trillion cubic feet of gas have been produced in the state--all in the lower peninsula

3: Geologic History The basin is composed of sedimentary rocks, the oldest which were deposited about 500 million years ago and the youngest about 150 million years ago. They are represented with sediments from the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Mississippian, Pennsylvanian and small amount of Jurassic sediments at the top of the basin. The basin is about 14,000 feet thick at its deepest point. There are several unconformities in the basin (time gaps in the rocks because of uplift or non-deposition) which include Early Ordovician, Early Devonian and the Late Mississippian. Cambrian and Ordovician rocks consist predominantly of sandstones and limestones (including the Utica Shale,Collingwood Shale, which is really a shaly limestone, and the Trenton Limestone/Dolomite) which cover most of the basin. The Silurian – Devonian consists of limestones, reef limestones, dolomites, halite and anhydrite. The Pennsylvanian and Mississippian strata fill in the center and the basin has a very thin strata of Jurassic at the top of the section and located in the center of the state. The basin seems to have subsided concurrently with basin filling which would help explain why the basin predominantly has shallow water marine sediments. The surface of Michigan is, of course, covered with glacial sediments, which give Michigan its wonderful topography of moraines, drumlins, valleys, streams and of course the big lakes.

4: Geologic History

5: Formation (Migration) The oil originates in source rock (shales) and will eventually migrate up into the reservoir rock (sandstone and limestones) Folds and faults create traps (zones in which the oil becomes trapped)

6: Pinnacle reefs During the early and middle Silurian, an extensive blanket of limestone was deposited from New York State west --- at least as far as Wisconsin. Earlier, during the Cambrian and Ordovician periods, one rather elongate basin extended from Missouri northeastward through Illinois and lower Michigan A series of coral reefs developed along the Kankakee Arch and in the shallow waters along the western and southern margins of the basin.

7: Oil and Gas in Michigan.

8: Major structures

9: Gas Storage

10: Reserves Reserves represent quantities of crude oil estimated to be commercially recoverable with current technology

11: WHAT IS NEXT FOR MICHIGAN? With the use of 3D seismic there have 3 additional fields found in the Trenton in Southern Michigan some distance away from the Albion – Scipio field. The Napoleon field was discovered in 2008, the Saline field was discovered in 2009 and the Adrian field was discovered in 2010. Together the 3 fields have produced 8 million BO and 5 BCF of gas.

12: Resources http://geo. msu. edu/extra/geogmich/oil&gas. htmlhttp://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Peakoil http://info. drillinginfo. com/

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